In the 1800s the southern economy depended on cotton the most.
Under the Missouri Compromise Missouri’s admission to the Union as a slave state was balanced by Maine’s admission as a free state.
Tariffs on imported goods led to conflict between the North and the South.
Land was important to the economies of Southern states because the south had a farm economy and used enslaved workers for labor.
Workers in the North depended on Industry. Many people worked in factories.
Maine was a free state, so it didn’t allow slavery.
A tariff is a tax on goods coming into the country.
The Missouri Compromise established a border that divided the nation into the areas that allowed slavery and the areas that didn’t.
A slave state depended on the labor of enslaved people.
People who traveled on the Underground Railroad were called passengers.
The Republic party was formed to oppose the spread of slavery.
The Dred Scott decision was important because it meant that if enslaved people were taken to free states, they were still enslaved.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act affected states above the Missouri Compromise line by allowing the people in those territories to vote on whether to be slave or free areas.
Southern lawmakers warned that if Lincoln won the presidential election they would secede, or withdraw, from the Union. South Carolina was the first state to secede.
A civil war is fighting among people who live in the same country.
To commit treason is to betray one’s country.
A public discussion, often on political issues is known as a debate.
Abolitionists wanted to end slavery.
To secede is to withdraw from a group or country.