Unit 5 Lesson 1
Planning a New Government
1. James Madison is known as the “Father of the Constitution.”
2. Shay’s Rebellion showed Americans that the Articles of Confederation had failed.
3. Virginia benefited the most from the Three-Fifths Compromise.
4. The purpose if the Electoral College is to elect the president.
5. Farmers attacked the Massachusetts arsenal to get more weapons.
6. The legislature of a government includes elected people who make laws.
7. Each state was independent under the Articles of Confederation.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
The national government was weak.
It could not print money.
It could not collect taxes.
It could not pay its soldiers who fought in the Revolutionary War.
Unit Five Lesson Two
United States Constitution
1. The Senate and the House of Representatives make laws.
2. An example of checks and balances is when the Congress overrides a presidential veto.
3. The Federalist Papers’ authors were in favor of the Constitution.
4. The delegates of the Constitutional Convention wanted a balance of power in the new government so that the national government didn’t become too powerful.
5. Liberties and freedoms of people in the US are listed in the bill of rights.
6. The Constitution can be changed by passing amendments.
7. The US is a federal system because the national and state governments make laws and collect taxes.
8. People in New Hampshire decided to ratify, or officially approve, the Constitution.
9. The Supreme Court decides whether any laws go against the Constitution.
Unit 5 Lesson 3
The Louisiana Purchase
1. The Louisiana Purchase nearly doubled the size of the United States.
2. Louis and Clark traveled west when they left St. Louis.
3. The Embargo Act of 1807 hurt American shipping and the economy.
4. Spanish, French, and Native Americans lived in the area west of the Appalachian Mountains before the pioneers.
5. Sacagawea acted as a guide and an interpreter.
Unit 5 Lesson 4
The War of 1812
1. The United States entered the War of 1812 because they were angry with Great Britain’s impressment.
2. The Native Americans entered the War of 1812 because they did not want to give up their land to settlers.
3. The United States hoped the Monroe Doctrine would help it stay out of European wars.
4. There was no clear winner of the War of 1812.
5. The “Star Spangled Banner” is a song about the victory at Fort McHenry.
6. Great Britain burned Washington, D.C. during the War of 1812 because they thought they would harm American confidence by burning their capital.
Unit 5 Lesson 5
The Industrial Revolution
1. Some of the items invented during the Industrial Revolution were the steamboat, the reaper, the cotton gin, and the power loom.
2. After the invention of better machinery, farmers could produce more food than ever before.
3. After the cotton gin, cotton became the most important cash crop in the south.
4. Railroads, canals, and steam engines made it easier to travel in America.
5. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts.
6. Whitney’s interchangeable parts allowed guns, tools, and other products to be made faster and cheaper.
7. The cotton gin could clean more cotton in a few minutes than a whole team of workers could clean by hand in a day.
Some Americans thought that Andrew Jackson was acting like a king.
The Indian Removal Act forced Native Americans on a journey known as the Trail of Tears.
The Trail of Tears was the forced march of the Cherokee to Indian Territory.
Immigrants hoped to find work in the United States.
The Cherokee fought the Indian Removal Act by going to court and refusing to leave.
Free blacks in Northern cities:
· found work, but often faced discrimination (unfair treatment)
· did not have equal legal and voting rights
· not allowed to go some places
In the United States, the states are joined together in a Union.
A wagon train was a group of wagons pulled by oxen.
Pioneers traveled in a wagon train to protect themselves.
People face discrimination when they are treated unfairly, usually because of race.
The idea of manifest destiny encouraged pioneers to settle west.
President Jackson and the US Army forced the Cherokee to go on the Trail of Tears.
The manifest destiny is the belief that the United States had a right to expand.
The Gold Rush took place in California.
The Mexican government allowed Americans to settle in Texas to keep the land under Mexican control.
After the War with Mexico the United States gained land in the west.
Many Americans settled in Mexico (Texas) because:
· they received free land
· were given Mexican citizenship
American settlers in Texas wanted independence from Mexico because Mexico didn’t allow slavery and they didn’t like Mexican laws.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was a treaty that sold Texas and other land to the United States in February 1848. It expanded the US to the west.
Many settlers hoped to become rich during the Gold Rush